Built environment and health review, November 2019

  • The Healthy City Design International Congress 2019 took place in London. 86 presentations on urban design, place-making, wellness, and health can be found here.
  • Routing drivers by optimizing for safety considerations rather than minimal travel times could result in significantly different traffic patterns.
  • In a study involving 10 years of pedestrian injury data across almost 2,000 intersections in Montréal, “curb extensions, raised medians, and exclusive left turn lanes were all found to significantly reduce pedestrian injuries.”
  • Residents of higher-density neighborhoods (>77,000 residents per square mile) in Nanjing, China, are less likely to get sufficient physical activity than residents of less dense communities, after controlling for observed confounding variables.
  • People living in overcrowded homes (those with more than two inhabitants per room excluding kitchens) in Johannesburg, South Africa, were more likely to report “elevated levels of acute respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms, as well as fever/chills” than those living in less crowded housing.
  • Children in Norway who have more outdoor park facilities and green space within walking distance are more physically active, and specifically more likely to engage in social physical activity.